병원균
Salmonella typhi

Salmonella typhi

Precautions

Contact Precautions

Susceptibilities

General Information

Aerobic, gram-negative rod.

Humans are the reservoir - fecal-oral transmission.

Increased prevalence in developing countries.

Highest prevalence in South Asia.

  • Fever in Returning Traveler
  • Enteric fever
  • FUO (Fever of Unknown Origin)
  • Bacteremia
  • Intra-abdominal abscess
  • Meningitis
  • Endovascular infection including endocarditis and infected atherosclerotic plaque/aneurysm - "sticky" organism

Very high rates of FQ resistance in the Indian subcontinent.

Vaccination only prevents ~75% of disease.

Chronic carriage associated with gallbladder disease.