Escherichia coli


See 'Additional Information'

General Information

Fermenting gram-negative rod, of the Enterobacteriaceae family.

Normal GI flora.

Most predominant gram-negative bacillus.

An exhaustive list.

Most common cause of UTI.

Also common:

  • Intra-abdominal infection/abscess

  • Nosocomial pneumonia

  • Bacteremia

  • Prosthetic device infection

  • Gastroenteritis, ranging from travelers diarrhea to invasive infection with hemolytic-uremic syndrome

  • Myriad other manifestations

  • Endocarditis (rare)

May require contact precautions if highly resistant i.e. ESBL, carbapenem-resistant.

Carbapenems should be reserved for polymicrobial infections for which anaerobic coverage is required or for treatment of infections due to ESB-producing strains.

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