Campylobacter species

Campylobacter species


Contact Precautions


General Information

Motile, comma-shaped, gram-negative bacilli

The gastrointestinal tracts of domestic and wild birds and animals are reservoirs.

Transmission occurs by ingestion of contaminated food or water or by direct contact with fecal material from infected animals or people.

Diarrheal illness

Immunoreactive complications can occur:

  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome
  • Reactive arthritis
  • Myocarditis
  • Pericarditis
  • Erythema nodosum during convalescence
  • Post-infection irritable bowel syndrome

In healthy patients, disease is often self-limiting. Treatment is generally warranted for severe disease or those at risk for severe disease.

Treatment can shorten the duration of illness and excretion of susceptible organisms and prevent relapse when given early in gastrointestinal tract infection.

Increasing resistance to fluoroquinolones.