Escherichia coli

Precautions

See 'Additional Information'

General Information

Fermenting gram negative rod, of the Enterobacteriaceae family

  • Normal GI flora

  • Most predominant gram negative bacillus

Most common cause of urinary tract infections.

Also common:

  • Intra-abdominal infection/abscess

  • Bacteremia

  • Central line-associated bloodstream infection

  • Prosthetic device infection

  • Gastroenteritis, ranging from travelers diarrhea to invasive infection with hemolytic-uremic syndrome

May require contact precautions if highly resistant i.e. ESBL, carbapenem resistant.

In cases of infections due to ESBL producing organisms, carbapenems may be preferred.

Suspected/confirmed verotoxigenic infection (i.e. 0157-H7) requires notification of Public Health immediately. Antibiotics should be avoided.

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