Legionella pneumophila

Precautions

Standard Precautions

General Information

  • Aerobic small Gram-negative bacillus

  • Special culture media required- contact lab if suspected

  • Reservoir is water. Aerosolization by cooling towers, spas, shower heads, etc

  • Occurs in outbreaks

  • Person-to-person transmission not documented

  • Pneumonia (Legionnaires disease): a rare but severe respiratory illness, usually requiring critical care

  • Pontiac fever (Self-limited febrile illness)

Legionella urinary antigen testing can be performed on request for severe pneumonia

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