Salmonella - non typhoidal

Precautions

Contact Precautions

General Information

Supportive care unless high risk, see Additional Information below

Aerobic gram negative rod

Humans/animals are the reservoir (i.e. reptiles - turtles/lizards, transovarial transmission in chickens-> eggs).

Fecal-oral transmission or ingestion of contaminated water/food

  • Food-borne illness

  • Infectious colitis

  • Intra-abdominal abscess

  • Bacteremia and endovascular infection (endocarditis, infected atherosclerotic plaque/aneurysm)

Generally a self-limited illness which should not be treated with antibiotics.

Treat if:

  • over 50 years old

  • immunosuppressed

  • hemodialysis

  • bacteremic

  • vascular aneurysms or grafts or prosthetic joints

  • hemoglobinopathy (sickle cell disease)

  • prolonged symptoms (1 week), or

  • hospitalized with fever and severe diarrhea.

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