Salmonella - non typhoidal
Supportive care unless high risk, see Additional Information below
Aerobic gram negative rod
Humans/animals are the reservoir (i.e. reptiles - turtles/lizards, transovarial transmission in chickens-> eggs).
Fecal-oral transmission or ingestion of contaminated water/food
Bacteremia and endovascular infection (endocarditis, infected atherosclerotic plaque/aneurysm)
Generally a self-limited illness which should not be treated with antibiotics.
over 50 years old
vascular aneurysms or grafts or prosthetic joints
hemoglobinopathy (sickle cell disease)
prolonged symptoms (1 week), or
hospitalized with fever and severe diarrhea.