Salmonella - non typhoidal

Salmonella - non typhoidal


Contact Precautions


General Information

Supportive care unless high risk, see Additional Information below

Aerobic gram negative rod

Humans/animals are the reservoir (i.e. reptiles - turtles/lizards, transovarial transmission in chickens-> eggs).

Fecal-oral transmission or ingestion of contaminated water/food

  • Food-borne illness
  • Infectious colitis
  • Intra-abdominal abscess
  • Bacteremia and endovascular infection (endocarditis, infected atherosclerotic plaque/aneurysm)

Generally a self-limited illness which should not be treated with antibiotics.

Treat if:

  • over 50 years old
  • immunosuppressed
  • hemodialysis
  • bacteremic
  • vascular aneurysms or grafts or prosthetic joints
  • hemoglobinopathy (sickle cell disease)
  • prolonged symptoms (1 week), or
  • hospitalized with fever and severe diarrhea.