Salmonella typhi / paratyphi

Precautions

Contact Precautions

General Information

Aerobic gram negative rod

  • Humans are the reservoir: fecal-oral transmission.

  • Increased prevalence in developing countries.

  • Highest prevalence South Asia.

  • Fever in Returning Traveler

  • Enteric fever or typhoid fever

  • Fever of unknown origin

  • Bacteremia

  • Endovascular infection including endocarditis and infected atherosclerotic plaque/aneurysm (mycotic aneurysm)

  • Osteomyelitis

  • Septic arthritis

  • Intra-abdominal abscess

  • Meningitis

  • Very high rates of ciprofloxacin resistance in Asia

  • Chronic carriage associated with gallbladder disease

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