Salmonella typhi / paratyphi

Salmonella typhi / paratyphi


Contact Precautions


General Information

Aerobic gram negative rod

  • Humans are the reservoir: fecal-oral transmission.
  • Increased prevalence in developing countries.
  • Highest prevalence South Asia.
  • Fever in Returning Traveler
  • Enteric fever or typhoid fever
  • Fever of unknown origin
  • Bacteremia
  • Endovascular infection including endocarditis and infected atherosclerotic plaque/aneurysm (mycotic aneurysm)
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Septic arthritis
  • Intra-abdominal abscess
  • Meningitis
  • Very high rates of ciprofloxacin resistance in Asia
  • Chronic carriage associated with gallbladder disease