Streptococcus pneumoniae

Precautions

Standard Precautions

General Information

Encapsulated lancet-shaped gram positive diplococci

  • Normal flora and important cause of invasive disease

  • Asplenic patients at extra risk of infection

  • Often vaccine preventable

  • Community-acquired pneumonia

  • Meningitis

  • Bacteremia

  • Bacterial sinusitis

Rarely:

  • Endocarditis

  • Septic arthritis/osteomyelitis

  • Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

Osler's triad: pneumococcal endocarditis, meningitis, and pneumonia

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