Candida albicans

Precautions

Standard Precautions

General Information

Depends on severity of infection and prior exposure to antifungals

Invasive infections in immunocompromised hosts and hospitalized patients, but can cause mucocutaneous disease in normal hosts (i.e. vaginitis).

Normally found in the GI tract and on skin.

Often a colonizer when isolated from swabs or respiratory samples. Pneumonia due to Candida is extremely rare.

However, yeast should never be ignored or considered contaminants when isolated from blood cultures.

  • Candidemia

  • Line Infections

  • Endocarditis (rare- persistent positive blood cultures; risk factors for IE)

  • Endophthalmitis

  • Thrush

  • Esophagitis (check for HIV)

  • Vulvovaganitis

  • Hepatosplenic/Disseminated candidiasis

  • UTI (assoc. with stent or stone)

  • Ophthalmology should see if positive blood cultures

  • Repeat blood cultures every 48h until negative

  • Remove lines

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