Pathogens
Candida albicans

Candida albicans

Precautions

Standard Precautions

General Information

Depends on severity of infection and prior exposure to antifungals

Fungus - Yeast

Invasive infections in immunocompromised hosts and hospitalized patients, but can cause mucocutaneous disease in normal hosts (i.e. vaginitis).

Normally found in the GI tract and on skin.

Often a colonizer when isolated from swabs or respiratory samples. Pneumonia due to Candida is extremely rare.

However, yeast should never be ignored or considered contaminants when isolated from blood cultures.

  • Candidemia
  • Line Infections
  • Endocarditis (rare- persistent positive blood cultures; risk factors for IE)
  • Endophthalmitis
  • Thrush
  • Esophagitis (check for HIV)
  • Vulvovaganitis
  • Hepatosplenic/Disseminated candidiasis
  • UTI (assoc. with stent or stone)
  • Ophthalmology should see if positive blood cultures
  • Repeat blood cultures every 48h until negative
  • Remove lines