Salmonella - nontyphoidal

Salmonella - nontyphoidal


General Information

  • Cefepime
  • Ciprofloxacin

Aerobic, gram-negative rod

  • Humans/animals are the reservoir (i.e. reptiles - turtles/lizards, transovarial transmission in chickens->eggs)
  • Fecal-oral transmission or ingestion of contaminated water/food
  • Food-borne illness
  • Infectious colitis
  • Intra-abdominal abscess
  • Bacteremia and endovascular infection
  • Bone/joint infections
  • Antimicrobial therapy should only be considered for complicated infection (e.g. bacteremia, high fever, hospitalized, >8 stools per day) or for groups at increased risk of invasive infection: neonates (up to 3 months old), persons >50 years old with atherosclerosis, immunosuppressed, cardiac disease (valvular or endovascular) or significant joint disease
  • Administer corrective IV fluids and electrolytes as appropriate