Salmonella Typhi

Salmonella Typhi


General Information

Aerobic gram negative rod.

  • Humans are the reservoir - fecal-oral transmission.
  • Increased prevalence in developing countries.
  • Highest prevalence South Asia.
  • Fever in Returning Traveler
  • Enteric fever
  • Fever of Unknown Origin
  • Bacteremia
  • Intra-abdominal abscess
  • Meningitis
  • Endovascular infection including endocarditis and infected atherosclerotic plaque/aneurysm

Very high rates of ciprofloxacin resistance in Asia.

Chronic carriage associated with gallbladder disease.