Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

General Information

Aerobic non-fermenting gram negative rod

May be acquired from diverse environmental sources (e.g. tap water).

Bronchiectatics may be colonized (i.e. CF patients).

Must distinguish colonization from clinically significant infection.

Most common reason for isolation is colonization of the respiratory tract.

Most common true infections:

  • Blood stream infection (usually from vascular catheter)

  • Pneumonia

Other manifestations rare:

  • Endocarditis

  • Sinusitis

  • Cellulitis

May require contact precautions.

True pneumonia more likely in ICU and oncology patients, those with advanced age and after/during treatment with broad spectrum antimicrobial use.

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