Pathogens
Salmonella typhi

Salmonella typhi

Precautions

Contact Precautions

Susceptibilities

General Information

Aerobic gram negative rod

Humans are the reservoir - fecal-oral transmission.

Increased prevalence in developing countries.

Highest prevalence South Asia.

  • Fever in Returning Traveler
  • Enteric fever
  • FUO
  • Bacteremia
  • Intra-abdominal abscess
  • Meningitis
  • Endovascular infection including endocarditis and infected atherosclerotic plaque/aneurysm - "sticky" organism
  • Very high rates of FQ resistance in Indian Subcontinent

  • Vaccination only prevents ~75% of disease

  • Chronic carriage associated with gallbladder disease

  • Disease of Public Health Significance