Droplet / Contact Precautions
Encapsulated gram negative diplococci.
Normal flora. Humans are the reservoir
Quadrivalent vaccine prevents disease by serogroups A/C/W-135/Y
Occurs in outbreaks particularly in crowded settings
Colonizer and cause of invasive disease:
Generally of little significance when cultured from nonsterile sites e.g. genital, pharynx.
Contact and droplet precautions until 24hrs of appropriate antimicrobial therapy.
Prophylaxis may be required for close contacts and healthcare workers.