Campylobacter species


See 'Additional Information'
See 'Additional Information'

General Information

Motile, comma-shaped, gram-negative bacilli

The gastrointestinal tracts of domestic and wild birds and animals are reservoirs.

Transmission occurs by ingestion of contaminated food or water or by direct contact with fecal material from infected animals or people.

Diarrheal illness

Immunoreactive complications can occur:

  •  Guillain-Barre Syndrome

  •  Reactive arthritis

  •  Myocarditis

  •  Pericarditis

  •  Erythema nodosum during convalescence

  • Standard precautions; if incontinent of stool, then Contact Enteric precautions

  • Rehydration is essential

  • Most patients do not require antibiotics and sx last < 1 wk. Exceptions: high fevers, bloody stools, prolonged illness (sx >1 wk), pregnancy, HIV and other immunosuppressed states

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