Motile, comma-shaped, gram-negative bacilli
The gastrointestinal tracts of domestic and wild birds and animals are reservoirs.
Transmission occurs by ingestion of contaminated food or water or by direct contact with fecal material from infected animals or people.
Immunoreactive complications can occur:
Erythema nodosum during convalescence
Standard precautions; if incontinent of stool, then Contact Enteric precautions
Rehydration is essential
Most patients do not require antibiotics and sx last < 1 wk. Exceptions: high fevers, bloody stools, prolonged illness (sx >1 wk), pregnancy, HIV and other immunosuppressed states