Clostridium tetani

Precautions

Standard Precautions

General Information

Anaerobic gram positive spore-forming bacilli.

Unvaccinated or incompletely vaccinated individuals with deep wound.

Note there is no herd immunity as the organism is found in soil/earth and not transmitted person-to-person.

Tetanus:

  • generalized

  • localized

  • cephalic

  • neonatal

Deep wound with necrotic tissue highest risk.

ID consult strongly recommended; give immunization as part of treatment, diazepam for muscle relaxation.

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