Staphylococcus capitis

General Information

  • Often a blood culture contaminant. 
  • Vancomycin preferred for empiric therapy for systemic infections. Modify based on antibiotic susceptibility.

Staphylococcus capitis is a coagulase-negative species (CoNS) of Staphylococcus.

  • It is part of the normal flora of the skin of the human scalp, face, neck, scrotum, and ears but has been associated with bloodstream infections and endocarditis.

  • It has been associated with prosthetic valve endocarditis, and rarely with native valve infection.

  • It can be a contaminant in blood cultures, but clinically significant infection should be considered based on host factors and assessment.

  • Bacteremia

  • Neonatal sepsis in NICU setting

  • Central venous catheter-associated infections

  • Endocarditis

  • Prosthetic joint infections

Adapted from the BC Women’s Hospital Antimicrobial Stewardship Program

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