Haemophilus influenzae


Standard Precautions
Standard Precautions

General Information

ceftriaxone or amoxicillin-clavulanate

levofloxacin; azithromycin

Small gram negative bacillus, encapsulated or not (non=non-typeable)

Normal respiratory flora

Invasive disease sharply declined after Hib conjugate vaccine widely used, especially in children <5yrs old

Most invasive disease is now caused by non-typeable strains

Droplet precautions if presentation is epiglottitis

Invasive disease is notifiable - call Public Health

Ampicillin and amoxicillin are alternative treatment choices if the organism is susceptible; 40% of nontypeable strains are ampicillin-resistant beta-lactamase producing strains.

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